Dr. Bhichit Rattakul

Governor of Bangkok (1996 – 2000)
Executive director, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) (2007 – 2012)
Special advisor, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) (2012 – Present)
President, Thai Network for Disaster Resilience (TNDR) (2019 – President)
Board and secretary, Thai Disaster Preparedness Foundation (TDPF) (2019 – Present)

Keynote talk: “Potential Hazard in ASEAN Countries, Preparedness Plans and Corporation in the Region

Climate change has become an important factor for many environmental disasters in vulnerable communities and ecosystems. It will alter the weather patterns and can result in more disaster events. In each country, we have to adapt different strategy due to the different in level of socio-economic development and risk. We might want to focus on the vital importance of disaster preparedness as a means to enhancing performance and collaboration between national and international actors in response.

Sr. Dr. Asmalia Che Ahmad

Coordinator of Research Management Unit
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Perak Branch,

Energy Supply: Conventional Vs  Renewable

Worldwide general electricity energy supply is typically generated through several source of fuel. Coal plant is the highest source of fuel used for electricity generation followed by gas, nuclear and renewable sources. In Malaysia, coal contribute the highest energy supply capacity of 45%, gas contributes 35%, oil contributes 5% and renewable energy contributes 15%. As for the renewable energy, the generating electricity sources are from hydro power plant, solar, biogas and biomass. The Energy Commission (EC) is the energy policy maker and Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) is a Government Link Company (GLC) that remains as the largest electricity utility in Malaysia. Another agency with significant role in energy supply is Sustainable Energy Development Agency (SEDA). The key role of SEDA is to administer, manage and advise on all matters relating to energy, including recommendations on policies, laws and actions to be applied to promote sustainable. Although the trend of energy supply is towards the renewable energy, the quantity of power produced by renewable sources is still insufficient to satisfy this rising demand despite all the improvements made. One of the drawbacks is renewable energy sources are weather-dependent. The use of conventional fuels as a fallback when renewable sources of energy fail to deliver should be considered as to assure a stable energy supply.

Md Firoz Khan, Ph.D.

Associate Professor
Department of Environmental Science and Management
North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Energy Usage  – Aerosol and the Reactive Gases Interaction on the Respiratory Airways Deposition Over Dhaka City in Bangladesh

Over the last decade, energy consumption has progressed towards the fast economic development in Bangladesh. The fast growth in the development sectors transformed this country from an agriculture based economy into industrialised which appropriately reflects the fast growth of GDP in the last couple of years. However, the energy supply from the mixed mode of sources are of great concern for a sustainable environment and have also been identified as the key factors for deteriorating air quality over Bangladesh. The local and regional changes to the meteorology also play a significant role to nucleate the secondary air particles over Dhaka. The transportation, industry and brick kiln  are key suspects for the anthropogenic process of air pollutants in this country. Our studies report that significant changes have been observed  to the diurnal variation of the trace elements in PM2.5 (air particles less than or equal to 2.5 micro meter). The respiratory deposition dose (RDD) of the trace elements were pronounced for the male compared to female over 24 h during the light exercise outdoors. Thus, the sources and risk factors from the emission of trace elements in PM2.5 are to be a great consideration to the local regulatory bodies to save people from the possible health damages. Thus, a mitigating plan may reduce the emission of the air pollutants from the aforementioned sources. The citizens are requested to play their role by practicing carpooling to decrease the usage of motor vehicles as an alternative mitigating option for promoting a sustainable and smart city in Dhaka.

Dr. M. V. Reddy

Senior Professional Researcher

  • Nouveau Monde Graphite (New Graphite World, NMG), Quebec, Montreal, Canada (2021 – Now)
  • Centre of Excellence in Transportation Electrification and Energy Storage, Hydro-Québec, Canada (June 2019 to Aug 2021)
  • Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chemistry and Physics, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore (July 2003 to May 2019)

Recent Advances in Materials for Electric Vehicles, Thermal Management, and Fastcharging

In recent years advanced materials had a considerable interest in worldwide researchers due its interesting functional properties and applications in areas of renewable energy storage and conversion, water, health care, and sensors technology. In my talk, various studies high power and energy density materials for related to electrical energy storage and electric vehicle applications will be discussed. Materials fabrication, characterization techniques, fundamentals, interface studies and applications. I will focus on materials challenges for electric vehicles, smart grid for smart city applications. Battery fabrication and various fast charging, thermal management, importance of  thermal runways studies for electric vehicles and in situ and ex-situ studies, reaction mechanisms,  and present challenges in electric vehicles will be discussed. Finally, briefly materials sustainability techniques are discussed.

Dr. T. Listyani R. A.

Associate Professor 

  • She is a lecturer in the Department of Geological Engineering from 1995 to the present.
  • Head of Geological Engineering Master’s Program at the Faculty of Mineral Technology, Institut Teknologi Nasional Yogyakarta (2022 – Present)
  • Assessor of Indonesian government institutions, including the Professional Certification Authority, Associate Geotechnical Expert, and Associate Hydrologist as well as members of various professional organizations in Indonesia (2022 – 2027)

Groundwater in Karst Region: between Hazards and Water Resources

Karst is a landscape formed by dissolved soluble rock, mainly limestone. The karst landform is a geologically unique area, especially in its waters, because this landscape functions as a natural regulator of the water system. This talk aims to review several things related to hazards/disasters and water resources by taking the example of the Gunungsewu and Jonggrangan karst areas in Yogyakarta Province. Natural disasters that have the potential to occur in this karst area include land movements and drought. However, the region has good groundwater potential, supported by primary (intergranular) and secondary (cracked, jointed, and cavity) porosity. Groundwater flows in a laminar (through intergranular pores or dense small cracks/fissures of rocks) or turbulent system (through cavities or underground drainage). It is supported by clastic and reef limestone aquifers. The groundwater recharge system in the Gunungsewu karst develops locally to regionally, while in the Jonggrangan karst is generally locally or intermediate flows. This karst area has potential for geotourism because of its natural charm, especially limestone caves and beautiful ornaments, so its existence needs to be protected for disaster mitigation purposes and to understand its geological characteristics while preserving water resources.